Short-Question

# How does electromagnetic spectrum affect living things?

## How does electromagnetic spectrum affect living things?

Lesson Summary Some forms of electromagnetic radiation, which is radiation found in different kinds of light waves, including ultraviolet light and X-rays, can cause damage to the DNA inside a living cell. When DNA is damaged by radiation, it can lead to cell death or to cancer.

## What happens when wavelengths are shorter?

So, if the wavelength of a light wave is shorter, that means that the frequency will be higher because one cycle can pass in a shorter amount of time. That means that longer wavelengths have a lower frequency. Conclusion: a longer wavelength means a lower frequency, and a shorter wavelength means a higher frequency!

Why are some electromagnetic waves harmful to living things?

Over-exposure to certain types of electromagnetic radiation can be harmful. infrared radiation is felt as heat and causes skin to burn. X-rays damage cells causing mutations (which may lead to cancer) and cell death – this is why doctors and dentists stand behind protective screens when taking lots of X-rays.

### What happens to energy if there is a shorter wavelength?

As a wavelength increases in size, its frequency and energy (E) decrease. From these equations you may realize that as the frequency increases, the wavelength gets shorter. Mechanical and electromagnetic waves with long wavelengths contain less energy than waves with short wavelengths.

### What are the effects of the EM waves on living things and environment when exposed to large amount?

For example, high energy microwave radiation at frequencies from 300 MHz to 300 GHz can be carcinogenic and cause thermal effects, increasing the temperature of exposed organisms.

What are the harmful effect of electromagnetic waves?

The higher the frequency of the radiation, the more damage it is likely to cause to the body: infrared radiation is felt as heat and causes skin to burn….The three main types of ultraviolet radiation and some of their effects.

Type Frequency Hazard
UVB Medium Causes severe sunburn and damage to cells

#### Do shorter wavelengths have more energy?

What does the length of the wavelength convey? (Short wavelengths have more energy, while long wavelengths have less energy.) 4. UV radiation has a relatively short wavelength, shorter than visible light.

#### How can an EM wave affect humans other living things and the environment?

For example, high energy microwave radiation at frequencies from 300 MHz to 300 GHz can be carcinogenic and cause thermal effects, increasing the temperature of exposed organisms. The opinions of researchers about the influence of electromagnetic pollution on living organisms are divided.

Why are shorter wave electromagnetic radiation more dangerous?

They are not always more dangerous, as the power involved does matter too, and, “how short” all matters, etc… but, as a tendency, a shorter wavelength packs more energy into a shorter period of time.

## Which is a wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum?

This diagram shows that the electromagnetic spectrum includes waves with all possible wavelengths of radiation. Wavelengths range from low energy radio waves through visible light to high energy gamma rays. Waves with longer wavelengths have a lower frequency and carry less energy.

## How is light transported in the electromagnetic spectrum?

Energy ( electromagnetic energy) is the radiant energy ( light) transported by electromagnetic waves. Light can be used to mean the whole of the electromagnetic spectrum from radio waves, through visible light to gamma rays. A better term is radiant energy or photon energy.

How are light waves and radiation related to each other?

DESCRIBING ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY. The terms light, electromagnetic waves, and radiation all refer to the same physical phenomenon: electromagnetic energy. This energy can be described by frequency, wavelength, or energy. All three are related mathematically such that if you know one, you can calculate the other two.