Table of Contents
- 1 Is alcohol addiction biologically determined or culturally influenced this question is most relevant to the issue of?
- 2 Which philosopher most clearly rejected the idea that the mind is separable from the body *?
- 3 Was Harvard denied her doctorate in psychology?
- 4 Which early psychologist was most influenced by Charles Darwin?
- 5 Which philosopher said that knowledge is not preexisting?
- 6 Is the biological approach nature or nurture?
- 7 How do scientific attitude’s three main components relate to critical thinking?
- 8 How did philosophy and physiology influence psychology?
- 9 How does the environment influence alcoholism and addiction?
- 10 How is science changing our understanding of alcoholism?
Is alcohol addiction biologically determined or culturally influenced this question is most relevant to the issue of?
Psych Final Test I
|Compared with Wilhelm Wundt, early behaviorists were much less likely to focus on the study of||thinking.|
|Debates as to whether alcohol abuse is biologically determined or culturally influenced are most relevant to the issue of||nature versus nurture.|
Which philosopher most clearly rejected the idea that the mind is separable from the body *?
|Which philosopher most clearly rejected the idea that the mind is separable from the body?||Aristotle|
|In the context of debates over the origins of knowledge, nature is to nurture as ________ is to ________.||Descartes; Locke|
How do the three main components of the scientific attitude shape the psychology field?
The scientific attitude equips us to be curious, skeptical, and humble in scrutinizing competing ideas or our own observations. This attitude carries into everyday life as critical thinking, which puts ideas to the test by examining assumptions, discerning hidden values, evaluating evidence, and assessing conclusions.
Was Harvard denied her doctorate in psychology?
In 1896 Münsterberg wrote to the president of Harvard that Calkins was, “one of the strongest professors of psychology in this country.” A committee of six professors, including James, unanimously voted that Calkins had satisfied all the requirements, but she was refused a Harvard doctoral degree because she was a …
Which early psychologist was most influenced by Charles Darwin?
psychologist William James
The functionalist school of psychology, founded by the American psychologist William James (left), was influenced by the work of Charles Darwin (right). Although functionalism no longer exists as a school of psychology, its basic principles have been absorbed into psychology and continue to influence it in many ways.
Which philosopher is most clearly emphasized?
|Term William James||Definition Who introduced functionalism?|
|Term Aristotle||Definition Which philosopher most clearly rejected the idea that the mind is seperable from the body?|
|Term Descartes; Locke||Definition In regards to the origin of knowledge; nature is to nurture as ______ is to ______.|
Which philosopher said that knowledge is not preexisting?
Which philosopher said that knowledge is not pre existing but grows from experiences? Plato. Plato argues that if there are certain concepts that we know to be true but did not learn from experience then it must be because we have an innate knowledge of it and this knowledge must have been gained before birth.
Is the biological approach nature or nurture?
Theories within the biological approach support nature over nurture. It is more likely that behavior is due to an interaction between nature (biology) and nurture (environment).
Which psychological approach would most likely look for a genetic cause of behavior?
The biological perspective is a way of looking at psychological issues by studying the physical basis for animal and human behavior. It is one of the major perspectives in psychology and involves such things as studying the brain, immune system, nervous system, and genetics.
How do scientific attitude’s three main components relate to critical thinking?
The scientific attitude combines (1) curiosity about the world around us, (2) skepticism toward various claims and ideas, and (3) humility about one’s own understanding. Evaluating evidence, assessing conclusions, and examining our own assumptions are essential parts of critical thinking.
How did philosophy and physiology influence psychology?
While early philosophers relied on methods such as observation and logic, today’s psychologists utilize scientific methodologies to study and draw conclusions about human thought and behavior. Physiology also contributed to psychology’s eventual emergence as a scientific discipline.
Is there a link between alcohol use disorder and genetics?
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) often seems to run in families, and we may hear about scientific studies of an “alcoholism gene.” Genetics certainly influence our likelihood of developing AUD, but the story isn’t so simple.
How does the environment influence alcoholism and addiction?
Current research indicates that a mix of biological and environmental factors influence alcoholism and addiction. Both a person’s genetic makeup and the environment they grew up in play a role.
How is science changing our understanding of alcoholism?
The recent contributions of science and medicine during the past 50-60 years have greatly advanced our understanding of alcoholism. We are beginning to understand the biological forces that affect behavior (both humans and animals).
What are the causes of alcoholism in the brain?
The Biological Causes of Alcoholism 1 Alcoholism causes changes to the brain’s natural balance (homeostasis). 2 Alcoholism alters brain chemistry. 3 Alcoholism changes the brain’s communication patterns. 4 Alcoholism causes changes to brain structures and their functioning. More