What equipment did Roman soldiers use?

What equipment did Roman soldiers use?

The Roman soldiers used a variety of weapons including a pugio (dagger), gladius (sword, see picture to the right), hasta (spear), javelin, and bows and arrows. The soldiers were trained to fight with their weapons and practiced on a regular basis. They would sometimes spar with each other using wooden swords.

Did Roman soldiers supply their own equipment?

When Rome was in its infancy, there was no state-controlled army as such, with each soldier having to pay for their own armor and equipment. As Rome grew in power and wealth, and consequently had a need for a standing army, soldiers were provided with the necessary items, including armor.

What did Roman soldiers wear and carry for protection?

Greaves, sheet metal protecting the legs, were widely used in the early republic, and by some troops in the imperial army. Early Roman legionaries would wear a single greave on the left leg which was more exposed under the shield, as it was fashion in Italic cultures.

Did ancient Rome have cannons?

Roman artillery weapons were instrumental in the successes of the Roman army over centuries and were especially used in siege warfare, both for offence and defence.

Did Romans use axes?

The Romans used the battle-axe. Roman infantry soldiers used a weapon, the pilum. The pilum was a heavy spear, used for thrusting or throwing. The throwing axe was very important to the barbarians until the seventh century, when fewer barbarians were able to skillfully throw them than there were skillful archers.

What type of weapon was the Roman gladius?


Type Sword
Place of origin Ancient Rome, as gladius, based on the Celtiberian gladius hispaniensis.
Service history
In service 3rd century BC – 3rd century AD

What kind of equipment did the Romans have?

Roman Soldiers Roman Army Roman Officers Equipment Soldier’s weapon Armour Artillery Standard Bearers Formations Roman Auxiliary Army Training Roman Shields

What did the Roman soldiers carry on their shoulders?

Backpacks as we know them were not used by Roman soldiers. On Trajan’s Column in Rome, soldiers are depicted (from around AD 100) carrying supplies and either waterskins, or packs, on poles slung over their shoulder. We know they called these poles ‘furca’ probably after the torture frame of the same name.

What kind of dagger did the Romans use?

A pugio was a dagger used by Roman soldiers, likely as a sidearm. Like other items of legionary equipment, the dagger underwent some changes during the 1st century. Generally, it had a large, leaf-shaped blade 18 to 28 cm long and 5 cm or more in width.

Why did Roman soldiers carry bandages in battle?

Likewise, military medicine adopted a Greek-like strategy; soldiers carried cloth bandages to attend to their own (or their friend’s) injuries. In general, physicians’ low survival rates and the fact that many physicians were foreign-born fostered a negative view towards medicine 2.

Share this post