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Why were air raid shelter built?
Why were Air Raid Shelters built? People needed to protect themselves from the bombs being dropped by German aircraft. These shelters were half buried in the ground with earth heaped on top to protect them from bomb blasts.
What would be in an Anderson shelter?
What an Anderson shelter was. An Anderson shelter was essentially a reinforced dug-out for back gardens. The roof and sides were a sheet of corrugated iron bent into an inverted U, with the soil from the dug-out on top. The door and end wall were also corrugated iron.
How does an Anderson shelter work?
Anderson air raid shelters In order to be fully effective, the shelter had to be dug into a 4ft deep pit in the ground, with the soil being heaped on top to provide cover against nearby bomb blasts. Many people planted vegetables on top, making the most of the soil heaped on their makeshift dugouts.
What was the Morrison shelter made out of?
The Morrison shelter was constructed from heavy steel, and people could use them as a table. The shelter looked like a big cage with wire mesh sides. One of the wire sides could be lifted up so you could crawl inside. It was possible for two or three people to lie down and sleep there.
What was the Anderson shelter made out of?
Anderson shelters were made from six corrugated steel panels that were curved and bolted together at the top. The Anderson shelters were buried up to a meter in the ground.
Where was the first Anderson shelter in England?
The first Anderson shelter was erected in a garden in Islington, London, on 25 February 1939. By the time the war broke out in September, around 1.5 million shelters were in place in areas expected to be bombed by the Luftwaffe.
Where was Martin Stanley’s Anderson shelter located?
Martin Stanley’s Anderson shelter rests at the foot of his back garden. Partially submerged and covered with thick tufts of grass and flowers as well as other foliage, it stands as a monument to a time when life in this terrace house in Oval, south London, was very different.
Are there any survivors from the Anderson shelter?
An Anderson shelter remains intact amid devastation in Croydon. Locals inspect an Anderson shelter next to a bomb crater. Despite the proximity of the blast, the two occupants of the shelter survived with minor bruises. An Anderson shelter remains intact amidst destruction and debris in London, after a land mine fell a few yards away.