Table of Contents
Why were the Mongols so successful in conquest and expansion?
The Mongols conquered vast swathes of Asia in the 13th and 14th century CE thanks to their fast light cavalry and excellent bowmen, but another significant contribution to their success was the adoption of their enemies’ tactics and technology that allowed them to defeat established military powers in China, Persia.
How did the Mongols change society?
The Mongols promoted trade and diplomacy across their vast empire, leading to flourishing trade on the Silk Road. Genghis Khan himself established religious tolerance in the empire, and often placed the governance of his territories in the hands of conquered peoples.
How did Mongols benefit from trade?
Mongols altered that attitude and in fact sought to facilitate international trade [also see The Mongols in China: Life for Merchants under Mongol Rule]. In China, for example, the Mongols increased the amount of paper money in circulation and guaranteed the value of that paper money in precious metals.
What caused the downfall of the Mongol Empire?
Another factor attributed to the collapse of the Mongol Empire is the Black Death. In 1328, the plaque broke out in China and spread across the Mongol Empire (Robison, 2009). It progressively spread to the Mongol trade routes leading to the decline in trade as the fatal disease adversely affected the traders.
What were the origins of the Mongols?
The Origin of the Mongols is unclear but archeological evidence indicates that people lived in the vast territory of present-day Mongolia about 30,000 years ago, during the Upper Paleolithic Era .
How did Genghis Khan impact the Mongol Empire?
Beyond his military accomplishments, Genghis Khan also advanced the Mongol Empire in other ways. He decreed the adoption of the Uyghur script as the Mongol Empire’s writing system. He also practised meritocracy and encouraged religious tolerance in the Mongol Empire, unifying the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia .
Who founded the Mongol Empire?
Mongol Empire. Mongol Empire – Genghis Khan. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan, a Mongol political and military leader who sometimes brutally conquered and united the Mongol tribes.