Table of Contents
Do echinoderms have a protective skeleton?
Skin and skeleton Echinoderms have a mesodermal skeleton composed of calcareous plates or ossicles. The ossicles may be flat plates or bear external projections in the form of spines, granules or warts and they are supported by a tough epidermis (skin).
How do echinoderms survive?
Echinoderms are the largest phylum with no freshwater or terrestrial forms. Echinoderm environments must be marine, as in saltwater, for the echinoderm to survive. Water movement could impact the echinoderms by moving them or destroying their habitats. Depending on the species the water depth and movement will vary.
What do echinoderms do when attacked?
When a sea cucumber is attacked, it may expel some of its internal organs. This could either satisfy a predator, or scare it off. The cucumber will then proceed to grow another set of organs. Some sea cucumbers can secrete a sticky glue-like substance as a defense mechanism.
What methods of defense do echinoderms have to protect themselves from predators?
The tubed feet of some echinoderms can release toxins and the sea cucumber can discharge sticky, entangling threads in which predators can become trapped. Another defense mechanism of some sea cucumbers is the act of expelling all their internal organs via their anus to either satisfy or confuse their predator.
Is Offence and Defence organ in echinoderms?
The special cells that serve as organs of defence and offence in coelenterates are called cnidoblasts. These cells are found in fingure-like structures tentacles and they are embedded in Cnidocytes and nematocytes which are the organs of offence and defence.
What type of body cavity do echinoderms have?
Taxonomic level: phylum Echinodermata; grade of construction: organs derived from three tissue layers; symmetry: radial, sometimes combined with bilateral; type of gut: blind sac with very reduced anus, or complete with anus; type of body cavity other than gut: coelom; segmentation: none; circulatory system: usually …
What do the cnidarians have to protect them from predators?
While some creatures such as sponges solve the dilemma of limited mobility by filtering the water for nutrients, cnidarians overcome the problem by deploying fast-acting neurotoxins through their stinging cells. These toxins can immobilize many prey and repel many predators upon contact.