Short-Question

# How accurate is reflectorless total station?

## How accurate is reflectorless total station?

A typical total station can measure distances up to 1,500 meters (4,900 ft) with an accuracy of about 1.5 millimeters (0.059 in) ± 2 parts per million. Reflectorless total stations can measure distances to any object that is reasonably light in color, up to a few hundred meters.

## What are the types of total station?

The following are various total station types used in surveying,

• Mechanical Total Stations. Mechanical Total Station.
• Robotic Total Stations. Robotic Total Station.
• Prism Total Stations. Both the mechanical & robotic total stations come under prism models.
• Reflector.

How do you check the accuracy of a total station?

What checks need to be carried out on a total station?

1. Plate Bubble Check.
2. Optical Plummet Check.
3. Horizontal Circle Check.
4. Vertical Circle Check.
5. Trunion Axis Check.
6. EDM (Distance Measurement) Check.

### Why is a total station called a total station?

Initially, Total Station was a proper noun introduced by Hewlett-Packard (HP) to promote its Model 3810A around 1975. Probably because of its tunefulness to the ear, surveyors soon applied the term to all theodolites with a built-in EDM unit and total station became a common noun, written without capital letters.

### What are the advantages of total station?

• Quick collection of information.
• Multiple surveys can be performed at one set up location.
• Easy to perform distance & horizontal measurements.
• Layout of construction site quickly and efficiently.
• Digital design data from CAD programs can be uploaded to data collector.

What is electronic surveying?

1. Is one in which a computer plays a major role in both the delivery of a survey to potential respondents and the collection of survey data from actual respondents. Learn more in: Surveys as a Complementary Method for Web Log Analysis.

#### What is the principle of total station?

Reflectorless total stations can measure distances to any object that is reasonably light in color, to a few hundred meters. Principle: Given the co-ordinate of the instrument position and bearing of a backward station the co-ordinates of any other point can be computed.

#### What are the advantages of EDM in surveying?

The advantage of using EDM instruments is the speed and accuracy in measurement. Several obstacles to chaining are automatically overcome when these instruments are used.

How is a prism used in a total station?

With the prism method, the total station sends out invisible infrared waves that are reflected by the prism, which is typically attached to a pole. By measuring the prism’s position and knowing the precise angle and distance to that prism, the total station calculates the prism’s location or coordinates.

## How does the Reflectorless method of measurement work?

The reflectorless method does not use a prism. Instead, it uses a visible red laser beam that allows the user to layout or measure points from any surface that is able to reflect it. The reach of the laser beam varies between instruments – it ranges from 1,300 feet to 6,500 feet (400 to 2,000 meters).

## How does the total station work in BIM?

The instrument is set up in the dirt off the building pad, and the person holding the prism pole, with the field controller attached, is guided by the field software to the correct location. The total station “tracks” the prism and continuously updates its position in the field software.

What’s the difference between manual and robotic total stations?

Manual and robotic total stations are available as both reflectorless and prism models. The biggest difference between these two types of total stations is that robotic total stations have a motor so they can be controlled remotely instead of manually. The manual total station is a two-person operation.