Table of Contents
How did Athens become a city-state?
The region of Attica is not highly fertile, leading to Athens becoming a city highly dependent on its external links to colonies and trade. The invasion then sparked what ultimately developed to be the Greco-Persian wars of the 5th century BCE, where Athens played a leading role among the Greek city-states involved.
How long was Athens a city-state?
The History of Athens is one of the longest of any city in Europe and in the world. Athens has been continuously inhabited for over 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of western civilization.
When did Greek city-states begin?
This easy access to water meant that the Greek people might naturally become explorers and traders. Second, Greece’s mountainous terrain led to the development of the polis (city-state), beginning about 750 B.C.E.
When did the city states unite?
The city-state of Rhodes was formed in 408 BC on a Greek island when three smaller cities (Ialyssos, Kamiros, and Lindos) decided to unite and make one large city.
How old is the city of Athens?
Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.
What did each city state have in common?
Each city-state had their own patron god and/or goddess who watched over their city. Just like families, however, each city-state was also unique, different from the other Greek city-states. Some were farming communities; some were fishing and trading communities.
How did ancient Greece become a city state?
As towns grew too big to feed everybody easily, some of the people sailed off and started a new city-state, a new polis. They did not have to travel very far. In the early days of ancient Greece, there were not that many people, but there was a huge coastline.
How long has the city of Athens been inhabited?
Athens has been inhabited from Neolithic times, possibly from the end of the fourth millennium BC, or over 5,000 years.
When did Athens become the capital of the Catalans?
In 1311, Athens was conquered by the Catalan Company, a band of mercenaries called Almogavars. It was held by the Catalans until 1388. After 1379, when Thebes was lost, Athens became the capital of the duchy again. The history of Aragonese Athens, called Cetines (rarely Athenes) by the conquerors, is obscure.