What 3 elements make up nucleic acids?

What 3 elements make up nucleic acids?

Carbohydrates and lipids are made of only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (CHO). Proteins are made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (CHON). Nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus (CHON P).

What elements make up nucleic acids What are the monomers?

Nucleic acids contain the same elements as proteins: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; plus phosphorous (C, H, O, N, and P). Nucleic acids are very large macromolecules composed of repetitive units of the same building blocks, nucleotides, similar to a pearl necklace made of many pearls.

What 3 components make up the nucleotide structure of DNA?

In turn, each nucleotide is itself made up of three primary components: a nitrogen-containing region known as a nitrogenous base, a carbon-based sugar molecule called deoxyribose, and a phosphorus-containing region known as a phosphate group attached to the sugar molecule (Figure 1).

What 3 elements are found in lipids?

Lipids are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, and in some cases contain phosphorus, nitrogen, sulfur and other elements.

How polymers are formed from monomers?

The monomers combine with each other using covalent bonds to form larger molecules known as polymers. In doing so, monomers release water molecules as byproducts. At the same time, the monomers share electrons and form covalent bonds. As additional monomers join, this chain of repeating monomers forms a polymer.

What are the three types of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids are mainly of two types: DNA or Deoxyribonucleic acid and RNA or Ribonucleic acid. The other types of nucleic acids are tRNA, mRNA and rRNA.

What is an example of a nucleic acid polymer?

Nuclei acids are large biomolecules or biopolymers that are vital to all living organisms. The many examples of nucleic acids including RNA (ribonucleic acid) and DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) are composed of monomers called nucleotides.

What are nucleic acids made up of?

Key Takeaways: Nucleic Acids Nucleic acids are macromolecules that store genetic information and enable protein production. Nucleic acids include DNA and RNA. Nucleotides are composed of a nitrogenous base, a five-carbon sugar, and a phosphate group.

What is the general structure of nucleic acids?

The basic structure of nucleic acids is Nitrogenous bases, the Sugar moiety, and the Phosphate molecule. Nucleotides are the building blocks of all nucleic acids. Nucleotides have a distinctive structure composed of three components covalently bound together: The combination of a base and sugar is called a nucleoside.

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