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What are pus cells in urine?

What are pus cells in urine?

White blood cells (pus cells) are signs of infection. Bilirubin is a waste product from the breakdown of old red blood cells. It is normally removed from the blood by the liver. Its presence in the urine may be a sign of liver disease.

What is urine and its composition?

It consists of water, urea (from amino acid metabolism), inorganic salts, creatinine, ammonia, and pigmented products of blood breakdown, one of which (urochrome) gives urine its typically yellowish colour.

What is urine protein?

When your kidneys are not working as well as they should, protein can leak through your kidney’s filters and into your urine (i.e., your pee). Protein in your urine is called proteinuria or albuminuria. It is a sign that your kidneys are damaged.

What is normal constitutes of urine?

Urea: This is the chief end-product of protein catabolism in man.

  • Urea excretion is increased in conditions associated with an increased protein catabolism,e.g.
  • Ammonia: Normally very little ammonia is excreted in urine which amounts to about 0.7 grams per day representing 2.5 to 4.5% of the total urinary N.
  • Creatinine and creatine.
  • What is the most common component of urine?

    The most common components of the urine is water.Approxmately 95% of the volume of normal urine is due to water. The other 5% consists of solutes. Some of these solutes are the results of normal biochemical activity in the cells of the body.Solutes found in urine may be classified as ions or organic molecules.

    What does urine contain normally?

    About 91-96% of urine consists of water. Urine also contains an assortment of inorganic salts and organic compounds, including proteins, hormones, and a wide range of metabolites, varying by what is introduced into the body.

    What are the functions of urine?

    Functions of the Urinary System. The urinary system produces urine and conducts it to outside the body. As the kidneys produce urine, they carry out four functions: excretion of metabolic wastes, maintenance of water-salt balance, maintenance of acid-base balance, and secretion of hormones.

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