Common questions

What are the powers of a grand jury?

What are the powers of a grand jury?

A grand jury is a jury—a group of citizens—empowered by law to conduct legal proceedings, investigate potential criminal conduct, and determine whether criminal charges should be brought. A grand jury may subpoena physical evidence or a person to testify.

Can the prosecution amend the indictment?

The indictment can be amended at any time with leave of the court or the consent of the accused: s 20. Before trial the amendment can occur by the substitution of another indictment for that filed: s 20(3), see Criminal Practice and Procedure NSW [2-s 21.1]ff; Criminal Law (NSW) at [CPA. 21.20]ff.

Do grand juries decide charges?

The grand jury listens to the prosecutor and witnesses, and then votes in secret on whether they believe that enough evidence exists to charge the person with a crime. A grand jury may decide not to charge an individual based upon the evidence, no indictment would come from the grand jury.

Who controls the grand jury?

Unlike a petit jury, which resolves a particular civil or criminal case, a grand jury (typically having twelve to twenty-three members) serves as a group for a sustained period of time in all or many of the cases that come up in the jurisdiction, generally under the supervision of a federal U.S. attorney, a county …

What does amending a charge mean?

When you hire an attorney to get your ticket “amended,” the attorney will request the prosecutor to change the original charge—for example, speeding—to a non-moving violation. Fine amounts vary depending on the type of ticket you originally received, as well as what municipality you received it in.

How are jurors selected for a grand jury?

Federal law requires that a grand jury be selected at random from a fair cross section of the community in the district or division in which the federal grand jury convenes. Those persons whose names have been drawn, and who are not exempt or excused from service, are summoned to appear for duty as grand jurors.

Do grand juries have to be unanimous?

After the prosecution has presented the selected evidence, the grand jury votes to determine whether sufficient evidence has been presented for each of the proposed charges. While the number of votes required varies by jurisdiction, only a majority or supermajority – not a unanimous vote – is required.

What amendment is grand juries?

the Fifth Amendment
What the Fifth Amendment Says. “No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger…”

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