What is the mitochondrial function?

What is the mitochondrial function?

Function. The most prominent roles of mitochondria are to produce the energy currency of the cell, ATP (i.e., phosphorylation of ADP), through respiration and to regulate cellular metabolism. The central set of reactions involved in ATP production are collectively known as the citric acid cycle, or the Krebs cycle.

What is the matrix of mitochondrion?

The matrix of a mitochondrion is the mitochondrion internal spaces enclosed by the inner membrane. Several of the steps in cellular respiration occur in the matrix due to its high concentration of enzymes.

What is the role of mitochondria in the respiration?

Mitochondria have an important role in cellular respiration through the production of ATP, using chemical energy found in glucose and other nutrients. Mitochondria are also responsible for generating clusters of iron and sulfur, which are important cofactors of many enzymes.

What does the mitochondrial matrix refer to quizlet?

endosymbiosis. what does the mitochondrial matrix refer to? the compartment inside of the inner membrane.

What is the function of matrix in biology?

The functions of the extracellular matrix include: Forming an essential support structure for cells. Controlling communication between cells. Segregating tissues.

What is the function of the mitochondria in the eukaryotic cell?

Within eukaryotic cells, mitochondria function somewhat like batteries, because they convert energy from one form to another: food nutrients to ATP. Accordingly, cells with high metabolic needs can meet their higher energy demands by increasing the number of mitochondria they contain.

Where is the mitochondrial matrix located quizlet?

the region between the inner membrane and the outer membrane of a mitochondrion or a chloroplast.

What is a mitochondrion quizlet?

mitochondrion. organelle where cellular respiration occurs and most ATP is generated; found in all eukaryotes; has two membranes (inner and outer) chloroplast. An organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis in algae and plants; has two membranes (inner & outer) cellular respiration.

What are the structure and function of mitochondria?

Mitochondria- Structure and Functions Mitochondria are oxygen-consuming ribbon-shaped cellular organelles of immense importance floating free throughout the cell. They are known as the “powerhouse of the cell” since these organelles supply all the necessary biological energy to the cell by oxidizing the substrates available.

What has the same function as the mitochondria?

Like mitochondria, chloroplasts also have their own DNA and ribosomes. Chloroplasts function in photosynthesis and can be found in eukaryotic cells such as plants and algae. Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), water, and light energy are used to make glucose and oxygen in photosynthesis.

How does the mitochondrion structure affect its function?

The mitochondrial structure affects its function because in its inner membrane, the cristae (folds) allow for more surface area which increases the amount of ATP that can be produced by the mitochondria.

What is the mitochondria’a function?

The most important function of the mitochondria is to produce energy.

  • The simpler molecules of nutrition are sent to the mitochondria to be processed and to produce charged molecules.
  • These charged molecules combine with oxygen and produce ATP molecules.
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