What star type is Polaris?

What star type is Polaris?

yellow supergiant star
According to the star aficionado Jim Kaler, Polaris is a yellow supergiant star shining with the luminosity of 2500 suns. Polaris is also the closest and brightest Cepheid variable star – a type of star that astronomers use to figure distances to star clusters and galaxies.

Is Polaris A guiding star?

Polaris, designated Alpha Ursae Minoris, commonly called the North Star or Pole Star, is the brightest star in the constellation of Ursa Minor. Because Polaris lies nearly in a direct line with the axis of the Earth’s rotation above the North Pole, it stands almost motionless in the night-sky.

Is Polaris Our North Star?

Presently, Polaris, the brightest star in Ursa Minor, appears close to the North Celestial Pole and therefore serves as our North Star.

Is Polaris a star or galaxy?

Polaris is a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Minor. It is designated α Ursae Minoris (Latinized to Alpha Ursae Minoris) and is commonly called the North Star or Pole Star….Polaris.

Observation data Epoch J2000 Equinox
Declination +89° 15′ 38.1″
Apparent magnitude (V) 8.7
α UMi Aa

What kind of star is the Polaris star?

Polaris is actually a triple star, the brighter of two visual components being a spectroscopic binary with a period of about 30 years and a Cepheid variable with a period of about 4 days. Its changes in brightness are too slight to be detected with the unaided eye.

When did Polaris take over as the North Star?

Polaris took over as the North Star from Kochab, Beta Ursae Minoris, around the year 500 CE. Kochab, the second brightest star in Ursa Minor and the brightest star in the bowl of the Little Dipper, held the title from 1500 BCE to 100 CE. Today, Kochab and Pherkad, Gamma Ursae Minoris, are known as the Guardians of the Pole.

Is the star Polaris in the Ursa Minor constellation?

Polaris Ab is a F6V main sequence star based on the spectral type that was recorded in Simbad at Strasbourg University. Polaris Ab is not part of the Ursa Minor constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation. Based on the spectral type (F6V) of the star, the star’s colour is yellow to white .

How big is Polaris Aa compared to the Sun?

Polaris Aa has the spectral classification F7Ib. It is a supergiant star with 5.4 solar masses and a radius 37.5 times that of the Sun. It is 1,260 times more luminous than the Sun with a surface temperature of about 6,000 K. It was the first variable star of its type to have its mass calculated from its orbit.

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