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What type of fault is near a subduction zone?

What type of fault is near a subduction zone?

The term megathrust refers to an extremely large thrust fault, typically formed at the plate interface along a subduction zone, such as the Sunda megathrust. However, the term is also occasionally applied to large thrust faults in continental collision zones, such as the Himalayan megathrust.

What occurs near subduction zones?

These plates collide, slide past, and move apart from each other. Where they collide and one plate is thrust beneath another (a subduction zone), the most powerful earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and landslides occur.

Do subduction zones have faults?

In particular, tectonic mélanges in exhumed accretionary complexes can be regarded as fault rocks that formed along subduction plate boundaries and are thus expected to record earthquake faulting in subduction zones (Kimura et al. 2012).

Is a subduction zone a reverse fault?

Tsunamis can be generated by earthquakes on all of these faults, but most tsunamis, and the largest, result from earthquakes on reverse faults. This kind of boundary between plates is called a “subduction zone.” When the plates move suddenly in an area where they are usually stuck, an earthquake happens.

What is megathrust fault?

The Cascadia Subduction Zone (CSZ) “megathrust” fault is a 1,000 km long dipping fault that stretches from Northern Vancouver Island to Cape Mendocino California. It separates the Juan de Fuca and North America plates. New Juan de Fuca plate is created offshore along the Juan de Fuca ridge.

Why does earthquakes occur in subduction zone the area where subduction occur?

Answer: The belt exists along boundaries of tectonic plates, where plates of mostly oceanic crust are sinking (or subducting) beneath another plate. Earthquakes in these subduction zones are caused by slip between plates and rupture within plates. This zone ‘locks’ between earthquakes, such that stress builds up.

What type of boundary is a fault?

Reverse faults occur at convergent plate boundaries, while normal faults occur at divergent plate boundaries. Earthquakes along strike-slip faults at transform plate boundaries generally do not cause tsunami because there is little or no vertical movement.

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