Common questions

What was Cahokia Native American?

What was Cahokia Native American?

The Cahokia were an Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe and member of the Illinois Confederation; their territory was in what is now the Midwest of the United States in North America.

Did the Native Americans build the city of Cahokia?

It had been built by the Mississippians, a group of Native Americans who occupied much of the present-day south-eastern United States, from the Mississippi river to the shores of the Atlantic. Cahokia was a sophisticated and cosmopolitan city for its time.

When did the Cahokia tribe began?

Founded in 1699 by Quebec missionaries and named for a tribe of Illinois Indians (Cahokia, meaning “Wild Geese”), it was the first permanent European settlement in Illinois and became a centre of French influence in the upper Mississippi River valley.

What did the state to which Cahokia belonged look like?


Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site
Location St. Clair County, Illinois, U.S.
Nearest city Collinsville, Illinois
Coordinates 38°39′14″N 90°3′52″WCoordinates: 38°39′14″N 90°3′52″W
Area 2,200 acres (8.9 km2)

What cultures are associated with the Cahokia Mounds?

Cahokia was the largest and most influential urban settlement of the Mississippian culture, which developed advanced societies across much of what is now the central and southeastern United States, beginning more than 1,000 years before European contact.

Why did the Cahokia Indians leave their homeland?

By the 1400s, Cahokia had been abandoned due to floods, droughts, resource scarcity and other drivers of depopulation. But contrary to romanticized notions of Cahokia’s lost civilization, the exodus was short-lived, according to a new UC Berkeley study. UC Berkeley archaeologist A.J. White digs up sediment in search of ancient fecal stanols.

How old was Cahokia when it was built?

One of the most remarkable things about Cahokia is that it appears to have been carefully planned around 1000 A.D., with a rectangular-shaped Grand Plaza whose core design mirrors the native vision of the cosmos, according to archaeologist Thomas Emerson.

How big of a city is Cahokia, CA?

Like cities in other parts of the world, Cahokia, which sprawled over an area of about five square miles, developed in a highly desirable spot.

What was the purpose of the Cahokia Mounds?

The settlement was situated along a flood plain that provided fertile soil for agriculture, with nearby hickory forests to provide wood and other raw materials as well as wildlife to hunt, according to Lori Belknap, site manager for the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.

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