Are Sundarbans endangered?

Are Sundarbans endangered?

The Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem in India is evaluated as ‘endangered’ by a global team of researchers using the IUCN’s Red List of Ecosystems framework. The framework is analogous to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

How are the Sundarbans being threatened?

Recent threats to the environment. The Sundarbans is very vulnerable to a variety of anthropogenic activity, including intensive boating and fishing, dredging, tourism and port activities, operation of mechanized boats, excavation of sand from the riverbed, and the establishment of coal power plants.

What will happen if we lose the Sundarbans?

Loss of the mangrove forest will result in the loss of the protective biological shield against cyclones and tsunamis. This may put the surrounding coastal communities at high risk.

Why was Bengal tiger was decreasing?

Habitat loss, prey depletion, poaching and human-wildlife conflicts are the major causes of population decline of tigers in the wild. As they need large areas to support viable populations, the rapid development and growing population of Asia poses a huge threat to their survival.

What are the endangered species in Sundarbans?

The Sundarbans is of universal importance for globally endangered species including the Royal Bengal Tiger, Ganges and Irawadi dolphins, estuarine crocodiles and the critically endangered endemic river terrapin (Batagur baska). It is the only mangrove habitat in the world for Panthera tigris tigris species.

Why are the Sundarbans under threat?

Rising waters and illicit logging are killing the trees in the Sundarbans, the natural wall that protects the India-Bangladesh coast.

Why is the ecosystem of the Sundarbans facing a serious threat?

Lying in the low coastal zone makes the Sundarbans more vulnerable to the effects of the changing climatic conditions such as floods, cyclones, relative sea-level rise, and coastline erosion. The projected loss of area for 12 of the most vulnerable sea-facing islands by 2020 is between 3 per cent and 32 per cent.

How are humans affecting Sundarbans?

“In recent years, climate change, regulation of freshwater flow, illicit mangrove felling, poaching and unplanned embankments for settlements have emerged as the main threats to the ecosystem,” the report says.

Why is Sundarbans shrinking?

A study says the ecologically fragile Sundarbans region in India and Bangladesh has lost 24.55 percent of mangroves (136.77 square km) due to erosion over the past three decades. Most of the erosion is permanent.

How is global warming affecting the Sundarbans?

Global warming compounds the dangers to the Sundarbans. These low-lying mangrove forests are highly susceptible to the effects of sea-level rise—including inundation of coastal areas, increased exposure to storm surges, increased coastal erosion, and rising salinity in ground and surface waters.

Which is an endangered species in the Sundarbans?

The endangered species that live within the Sundarbans and extinct species that used to be include the royal Bengal tigers, estuarine crocodile, northern river terrapins ( Batagur baska ), olive ridley sea turtles, Gangetic dolphin, ground turtles, hawksbill sea turtles and king crabs (horse shoe).

Are there Tigers in the Sundarbans National Park?

Despite their status as an icon of India and Bangladesh, Bengal tigers are an endangered species. The largest population of Bengal tigers lives in Sundarbans National Park, in West Bengal, India. The national park covers about 1,330 square kilometers (328,680 acres) of the densely forest ed delta of the Ganges River.

How many people are dependent on the Sundarbans?

Four million people rely on the ecosystem services of the Sundarbans, with wild fisheries the second biggest employment source within the region. Also read: Amphan in the Sundarbans: How Mangroves Protect the Coast From Tropical Storms

How are the Sundarbans a World Heritage Site?

The UNESCO World Heritage Site and biodiversity hotspot harbours diverse species including the royal Bengal tigers. Four million people rely on the ecosystem services of the Sundarbans, with wild fisheries the second biggest employment source within the region.

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