Table of Contents
- 1 Why is allocation base important?
- 2 Why should manufacturers use an allocation base in the process of determining applied manufacturing overhead?
- 3 Why do we use predetermined overhead rate?
- 4 Why do companies use predetermined overhead rate?
- 5 When do you know an allocation base is appropriate?
- 6 How is the allocation of overhead accounted for?
Why is allocation base important?
Allocation bases are mostly used to assign overhead costs to inventory that is produced. For example, an IT department allocates its expenses according to the number of computers that each department uses.
What is the predetermined overhead allocation rate and why it is needed?
A predetermined overhead rate is an allocation rate that is used to apply the estimated cost of manufacturing overhead to cost objects for a specific reporting period. However, the use of multiple predetermined overhead rates also increases the amount of required accounting labor.
What factors should be considered in selecting an allocation base to be used in computing a predetermined overhead rate?
An allocation base should not only be linked to overhead costs; it should also be measurable. The three most common allocation bases—direct labor hours, direct labor costs, and machine hours—are relatively easy to measure.
Why should manufacturers use an allocation base in the process of determining applied manufacturing overhead?
Managers use allocation bases as standard units to determine how manufacturing overhead costs accumulate for each product or job. Most products need to go through various stages of production. Therefore, managerial accountants allocate costs to each product as it goes through the different processes.
How the allocation base is determined?
An allocation base is referred to as the basis which is used by an entity to allocate overhead costs. An allocation base is determined by many factors such as machine hours used, power consumed, space occupied, time taken, and number of workers involved.
Why do companies use a predetermined overhead rate rather than an actual overhead rate?
Predetermined rates make it possible for companies to estimate job costs sooner. Using a predetermined rate, companies can assign overhead costs to production when they assign direct materials and direct labor costs.
Why do we use predetermined overhead rate?
Why is it necessary to use a predetermined overhead rate quizlet?
Manufacturing overhead costs are assigned to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate. The rate is determined at the beginning of the period so that jobs can be costed throughout the period rather than waiting until the end of the period.
What factors should be considered when selecting an allocation base?
The allocation base should be a cause, or driver, of the cost being allocated. A good indicator that an allocation base is appropriate is when changes in the allocation base roughly correspond to changes in the actual cost. Thus, if machine usage declines, so too should the actual cost incurred to operate the machine.
Why do companies use predetermined overhead rate?
Why do companies use a predetermined overhead rate quizlet?
Some production costs such as a factory manager’s salary cannot be traced to a particular product or job, but rather are incurred as a result of overall production activities. For these reasons, most companies use predetermined overhead rates to apply manufacturing overhead costs to jobs.
Why do managers use a predetermined manufacturing overhead allocation rate rather than the actual rate to cost jobs?
When do you know an allocation base is appropriate?
A good indicator that an allocation base is appropriate is when changes in the allocation base roughly correspond to changes in the actual cost. Thus, if machine usage declines, so too should the actual cost incurred to operate the machine.
When to use predetermined overhead rate in accounting?
Predetermined overhead rate. Predetermined overhead rate is used to apply manufacturing overhead to products or job orders and is usually computed at the beginning of each period by dividing the estimated manufacturing overhead cost by an allocation base (also known as activity base or activity driver).
Why are direct labor hours chosen as an allocation base?
Direct labor hours, direct labor dollars, or machine hours are often chosen as the allocation base because those costs are associated with each product, and as the activity increases, so does the manufacturing overhead.
How is the allocation of overhead accounted for?
The allocation of overhead to the cost of the product is also recognized in a systematic and rational manner. The expected overhead is estimated, and an allocation system is determined. The actual costs are accumulated in a manufacturing overhead account.